Diabetes is when your blood sugar or glucose which is the main source of energy in the body is too high. It comes from the food you eat and also made in the muscles and liver. The blood carries glucose to all the cells in the body to use for energy.
Types of Diabetes
The three main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. You can develop diabetes at any age, irrespective of the gender.
Causes and Risk Factor
The causes of diabetes are:
The pancreas, an organ located between the stomach and spine releases a hormone called as insulin into the blood to help digestion.
This helps the blood to carry glucose all to the cells of the body.
But sometimes, your body does not make enough insulin or it does not work the way it should thereby the glucose will stay in the blood and do not reach the cells.
The blood glucose levels get too high and cause diabetes and over time too much glucose in the blood will cause health problems.
The risk factors of diabetes include:
- Race or ethnic background
- Family history
- Poor Diet
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Sedentary Lifestyle
- Obesity and fat distribution
- Gestational diabetes
- Multiple risk factors
Too much glucose in the blood can lead to serious health problems and complications known as diabetic complications which include:
- Diabetic retinopathy or eye problems
- Diabetic neuropathy or nerve damage
- Heart diseases and stroke
- Diabetic nephropathy or kidney damage
Surgery for diabetes will differ as per the type of diabetes:
Although diabetes cannot be cured, you can live a long and healthy life by controlling the blood sugar levels by eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising and taking oral medicines, Herbal Supplement (karnim capsules) or insulin if required.
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